Poly I: C-activated dendritic cells that were generated in CellGro for use in cancer immunotherapy trials.
For clinical applications, dendritic cells (DCs) need to be generated using GMP-approved reagents. In this study, we tested the characteristics of DCs generated in two clinical grade culture media and activated by three maturation stimuli, Poly I: C, LPS and the mixture of proinflammatory cytokines in order to identify the optimal combination of culture media and activation stimulus for the clinical use.
We tested DCs generation using two GMP-certified culture media, CellGro and RPMI+5% human AB serum and evaluated DCs morphology, viability and capapability to mature. We tested three maturation stimuli, PolyI:C, LPS and the mixture of proinflammatory cytokines consisting of IL-1, IL-6, TNF and prostaglandin E2. We evaluated the capacity of activated DCs to induce antigen-specific T cells and regulatory T lymphocytes.
Cell culture in CellGro resulted in a higher yield of immature DCs resulting from increased number of adherent monocytes. DCs that were generated in CellGro and activated using Poly I:C were the most efficient in expanding antigen-specific T cells compared to the DCs that were generated in other media and activated using LPS or the cocktail of proinflammatory cytokines. A comparison of all tested combinations revealed that DCs that were generated in CellGro and activated using Poly I:C induced low numbers of regulatory T cells.
In this study, we identified monocyte-derived DCs that were generated in CellGro and activated using Poly I:C as the most potent clinical-grade DCs for the induction of antigen-specific T cells.