Poly I: C-activated dendritic cells that were generated in CellGro for use in cancer immunotherapy trials.

November 9, 2011
Source: Journal of Translational Medicine 2011

Authors: Jitka Fučíková, Daniela Rožková, Hana Ulčová, Vít Budinský, Klára Sochorová, Kateřina Pokorná, Jiřina Bartůňková and Radek Špíšek

BACKGROUND:

For clinical applications, dendritic cells (DCs) need to be generated using GMP-approved reagents. In this study, we tested the characteristics of DCs generated in two clinical grade culture media and activated by three maturation stimuli, Poly I: C, LPS and the mixture of proinflammatory cytokines in order to identify the optimal combination of culture media and activation stimulus for the clinical use.

METHOD:

We tested DCs generation using two GMP-certified culture media, CellGro and RPMI+5% human AB serum and evaluated DCs morphology, viability and capapability to mature. We tested three maturation stimuli, PolyI:C, LPS and the mixture of proinflammatory cytokines consisting of IL-1, IL-6, TNF and prostaglandin E2. We evaluated the capacity of activated DCs to induce antigen-specific T cells and regulatory T lymphocytes.

RESULTS:

Cell culture in CellGro resulted in a higher yield of immature DCs resulting from increased number of adherent monocytes. DCs that were generated in CellGro and activated using Poly I:C were the most efficient in expanding antigen-specific T cells compared to the DCs that were generated in other media and activated using LPS or the cocktail of proinflammatory cytokines. A comparison of all tested combinations revealed that DCs that were generated in CellGro and activated using Poly I:C induced low numbers of regulatory T cells.

CONCLUSION:

In this study, we identified monocyte-derived DCs that were generated in CellGro and activated using Poly I:C as the most potent clinical-grade DCs for the induction of antigen-specific T cells.

http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1479-5876-9-223.pdf

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